Statutes for Membership of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
(Adopted by the 6th General Assembly of the Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1992,
and amended by the 7th General Assembly in 1994, the 8th General Assembly in 1996,
the 9th General Assembly in 1998, the 10th General Assembly in 2000, the 12th General Assembly in 2004,
the 13th General Assembly in 2006, the 14th General Assembly in 2008, the 17th General Assembly in 2014)
Chapter 1 Membership
Article 1 The membership of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter referred to as “Member”) is the highest academic accolade in the field of science and technology and a lifelong title conferred by the State.
Article 2 Obligations and rights of Members
Promote the research, development and application of science and technology, and strive for innovation; to play an exemplary role in advocating and upholding the ethics of science, the scientific spirit and fine styles of learning and in popularizing knowledge of science; contribute to the training of qualified personnel and promote the development of the scientific and technological workforce; attend the General Assembly of CAS Members, and undertake consultation and evaluation tasks initiated by the Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; promote international exchanges and cooperation in the field of science and technology; enjoy the right to give suggestions on the policies of the State on major science and technology issues, the right to nominate Chinese and foreign candidates for membership and the right to elect and to stand for election.
Article 3 The Senior Membership system is practiced for the elderly Members at the age of 80 or older, who are given the title of Senior Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter referred to as “Senior Members”). Senior Members continue to enjoy the rights and bear the obligations as specified in Article 2 and enjoy the allowances for senior Members; they will no longer hold the leading positions as members of the standing leadership organ under the General Assembly of CAS Members or as members of the standing committees of the Academic Divisions, nor shall they nominate or elect candidates of new Members or foreign Members, but they can attend the General Assembly of their own accord.
Chapter 2 Election of Members
Article 4 Standards and requirements for Membership
Research fellows and professors or scholars and specialists of equivalent academic ranks with Chinese nationality (including those residing in Hong Kong Special Administration Region, Macao Special Administration Region, Taiwan Province and overseas) who have made systematic and creative achievements and major contributions in the fields of science and technology and who are patriotic, honest and upright in their style of learning may be nominated and elected as Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Article 5 The election of Members of shall be held biennially. The number and allocation of new Members shall be decided by the Presidium of the Academic Divisions according to the disciplinary arrangement and the trend of disciplinary development under the premise of maintaining the basic stability.
Article 6 Candidates for Membership shall be nominated by Members and relevant academic organizations. A special recommendation group can be set up by the Presidium of the Academic Divisions to meet the needs of disciplinary development. Self-recommendation shall not be accepted. All validly nominated candidates shall be subject to approval by the Presidium of the Academic Divisions.
Article 7 The Standing Committee of each Academic Division shall organize members for review and preliminary election of all validly nominated candidates to produce a suggested list of preliminary candidates and that of final ones for runoff election. Such review and preliminary election shall follow the principle of impartiality and objectivity and in a comprehensive and scientific manner.
The preliminary election shall be held by each Academic Division through differential secret ballots, with the difference being 20% of the number of vacancies available. The number of Members to vote in each election must be more than two thirds of the members of the Academic Division having the right to vote. Candidates winning positive votes no less than two thirds of voter turnout will be chosen as the suggested candidates of the Academic Division for runoff election in the descending order of their vote counts until the quota of the Academic Division is filled. The results of the candidates shall be reviewed and confirmed by the Standing Committees of the Academic Divisions and finally decided by the Presidium of the Academic Divisions.
New Members shall be elected by all the Members having the right to vote. The election shall be held in the form of single-candidate voting by secret ballot, and candidates winning positive votes exceeding half of the valid ballot papers will be elected.
Article 8 Members shall have the right to waive the title of Membership.
Under Article 3 of the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China concerning the non-recognition of dual nationality for citizens of the People’s Republic of China, any Member who acquires the nationality of another country shall be deemed to automatically waive the title of CAS Membership.
Article 9 Any Member whose personal misbehaviors involve serious violation of the science ethics and vicious defamation of Members and the Academic Divisions shall be persuaded to waive the title of Membership. Where the above misbehaviors are particularly wicked so as to endanger the interests of the State and contravene the law of the country, his/her Membership shall be rescinded.
Chapter 3 Election of Foreign Members
Article 10 Scholars and specialists of foreign nationality who have made important contributions to the cause of science and technology in China and who enjoy high international academic standing may be nominated and elected foreign Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter referred to as “Foreign Members”).
Article 11 The election of Foreign Members shall be held biennially. At each election, each member can nominate no more than one candidate, and the nomination shall not become valid until proposed by at least 5 Members. Foreign Members shall be elected by all the Members by secret ballots in the same year as new Members are co-opted. A candidate will be elected a Foreign Member when more than half of the Members have cast votes in the election and when the candidate has won no less than two thirds of the positive votes.
Article 12 Foreign Members shall have the right to make suggestions on the development of science and technology in China and on the work of the Academic Divisions, the right to be invited to attend the relevant meetings and academic activities organized by the Academic Divisions, and the right to receive publications presented by the Academic Divisions. They are not entitled to nominate candidates for Members or Foreign Members, or to vote and to stand for election.
Article 13 A Foreign Member will become a Member or a Senior Member immediately after having obtained Chinese citizenship, and will assume the same obligations and rights and enjoy equal treatment as other members or senior members.
Chapter 4 Academic Divisions
Article 14 The Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences shall be the highest advisory body of the State in science and technology. At present, there are six divisions, including the Division of Mathematics and Physics, Division of Chemistry, Division of Life Sciences and Medical Sciences, Division of Earth Sciences, Division of Information Technical Sciences, and Division of Technological Sciences. A Member may join one of the Academic Divisions according to the subject areas under his or her research. The plenary session of each of the Academic Divisions shall be convened biennially.
Article 15 The Standing Committee of an Academic Division shall be incorporated by several Members elected inside the division, and shall be responsible for internal activities. Members of the Standing Committee shall serve a 4-year term of office and can be re-elected for a second term. At least half of but no more than two thirds of the standing committee members of each Academic Division must be replaced when the term of office is changed.
The Standing Committee shall elect one director and several deputy directors of the Academic Division to direct the work and preside over the plenary sessions of the division. The term of office of the director and deputy director shall be consistent with that of the standing committee members. The Standing Committee members, the director and deputy directors will take office upon approval by the standing leadership organ under the General Assembly.
Article 16 Functions of the Academic Divisions
(1) As commissioned by the State or suggested by Members themselves, organizes Members to provide advice on major issues of science and technology in national economic and social development, on the development programs of science and technology and on the development strategies of various disciplines and major decisions in science and technology, and promote the formulation and implementation of policies and measures for science and technology;
(2) Organizes Members, as commissioned by the authorities concerned, to provide evaluation and guidance on academic issues in major research fields, research planning and research institutions;
(3) Organizes the election of Members;
(4) Conducts academic exchanges and cooperation with academic institutions both at home and abroad, and to promote the development, improvement and popularization of science and technology; and
(5) Appraises and discusses the work reports of the standing committee and reviews the performance of its functions and tasks at the plenary sessions of each Academic Division.
Chapter 5 The General Assembly of CAS Members
Article 17 The General Assembly of CAS Members is the highest organizational form of the Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and shall be convened biennially, usually in the first week of June in an even-numbered Gregorian calendar year.
Article 18 Functions of the General Assembly
(1) Deliberates on the work reports of the standing leadership organ;
(2) Elects members of the standing leadership organ;
(3) Formulates and amends the Statutes for CAS Membership;
(4) Decides on organization and adjustment of the Academic Divisions;
(5) Organizes academic activities; and
(6) Puts forward significant suggestions.
Chapter 6 Standing Leadership Organ
Article 19 When the General Assembly is not in session, the standing leadership organ is the Presidium of the Academic Divisions, made up of CAS members (hereinafter referred to as “the Presidium”). The Presidium is composed of CAS president, vice president in charge of the Academic Divisions, directors of the Academic Divisions, directors of the ad hoc committees and a certain number of Members elected by the General Assembly. The CAS president acts as the executive chairperson of the Presidium and chairs meetings of the Presidium.
Members of the Presidium elected by the General Assembly shall serve a 4-year term of office and shall not be re-elected.
The president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the president of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the chairperson of the China Association for Science and Technology, the president of the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the leaders of related government agencies shall be appointed advisers to the Presidium. Advisers attend the meetings of the Presidium as non-voting delegates.
Article 20 An executive committee is set up under the Presidium to implement the resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the Presidium and supervise the work of the Academic Divisions. The executive committee is composed of the executive chairperson of the Presidium, CAS vice president in charge of the Academic Divisions, directors of the Academic Divisions and directors of the ad hoc committees. The executive chairperson of the Presidium presides over the meetings of the executive committee.
Article 21 Several ad hoc committees are set up under the Presidium to be responsible for the tasks concerning consultation and evaluation, academic work, science popularization, science education and ethics of science in the Academic Divisions. The ad hoc committees are composed of a certain number of members elected by the Standing Committees of the Academic Divisions. Members of the ad hoc committees shall serve a 4-year term of office and can be re-elected for a second term.
Article 22 A director and several vice directors shall be elected by the ad hoc committee to take charge of its work. The members, director and vice directors of the ad hoc committee take office upon approval by the Presidium.
Article 23 The executive committee shall appoint a secretary-general responsible for the routine work of the Academic Divisions as entrusted by the executive committee. The secretary-general may not necessarily be a Member and shall be nominated by the executive chairman of the Presidium and approved and appointed by the Presidium. The secretary-general attends the meetings of the Presidium and the executive committee as a non-voting delegate.
Article 24 Functions of the Presidium
(1) Convenes and presides over the General Assembly;
(2) Deliberates and decides on bills to be submitted to the General Assembly;
(3) Employs advisers to the Presidium;
(4) Approves the name list of members of the standing committees and the ad hoc committees; and
(5) Appoints secretary-general of the executive committee.
(6) Decides on total number and allocation of new Members;
(7) Decides on the name list of final candidates;
(8) Decides on the name list of formal candidates for foreign membership;
(9) Examines and approves Members’ exit decisions;
(10) Decides on the establishment of a trans-division ad hoc committee and work group if necessary; and
(11) Performs other functions as entrusted by the General Assembly.
Chapter 7 Publications and Fundings
Article 25 The Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences shall compile and print the following publications:
Proceedings - publishes academic theses presented at the General Assembly, plenary sessions and academic conferences organized by the Academic Divisions.
Annual reports of the Academic Divisions - contain work reports presented and the resolutions and stipulations adopted by the General Assembly and plenary sessions of the Academic Divisions, as well as the chronicles of the organizations and events of the Academic Divisions;
Annual consultation reports - contain consultation reports and suggestions that emerge from various consultation tasks organized by the Academic Divisions and chaired by Members concerning major issues of science and technology.
Article 26 Activities of the Members and the Academic Divisions are funded mainly by government allocation and donations from domestic and foreign organizations and individuals.
Chapter 8 Miscellaneous Provisions
Article 27 Unless otherwise stated, the General Assembly, plenary sessions and Standing Committee meetings of the Academic Divisions as well as meetings of the Presidium and the Executive Committee shall not form any resolutions until attended by a quorum more than half of the total. When put to vote, the resolutions shall be adopted by a simple majority of members present.
Article 28 The Statutes for Membership and amendments shall become effective after having been adopted and promulgated by the General Assembly of CAS Members.
Article 29 Detailed rules and regulations for enforcement may be formulated in accordance with the Statutes and become effective upon the ratification of the Presidium.
Article 30 The right to interpret the Statutes shall be vested in the Presidium of the Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.